According to a report by the National Bureau of Statistics, which oversees and publishes statistics in Nigeria, these 10 states are the poorest in the country with over 70 percent poverty rate.
Nigeria is a country blessed with mineral resources and is made up of 36 states. These states are meant to be productive based on their available natural resources, and are meant to have a strong and honest government capable of managing these natural resources to generate its revenue.
However, in some parts of Nigeria, poverty is most prevalent due to reasons such as economic instability, insurgency and ethnicity. According to the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), 26.6 percent of Nigeria’s over 170 million people are destitute, while 68.0 percent and 84.5 percent of the Nigerian population lived below $1.25 per day and $2 per day.
We have listed the poorest states in the country according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, using infrastructural development, state of economy, literacy level, security and governance to compile this list of 10 poorest states in Nigeria this 2020.
10 Poorest States in Nigeria 2020
- Sokoto state
Sokoto state is rated as the poorest state in Nigeria, ranking 81.2% on poverty level. Its harsh climate conditions has made it a no go area and has prevented foreigners and foreign investors to come for investment in the state. It is also the seat of the Caliphate.
- Kastina state Located at the deepest part of the north western area of Nigeria, Kastina state made it in the list of poorest states in Nigeria because it has fewer or no solid investment or sector that generates revenue for the state.
- Adamawa state
Due to the frequent attack from Boko Haram terrorists, Adamawa state’s economy has crippled as a result of its residents and indigenes running away from the state to other areas of safety. It has affected the state badly resulting to a poverty level of 74.2%.
- Gombe state
Gombe state which is located at the north-eastern part of Nigeria is also facing its own peril in security with crippled economy to a 73.2% poverty level.
- Jigawa state
A state situated at the north-western part of Nigeria and basically populated with the Hausa/Fulani tribe. With low literacy level and low economic growth, the poverty level of Jigawa state is at 72.1%.
- Plateau state
Although, plateau state is one of the highest populated state in Nigeria and has some tourist attractions, It has also suffered a long timely tribal conflict which has carelessly destroyed its economy by 71%
- Ebonyi state
Unfortunately this is the only state in the South-East that falls under the top poorest states in Nigeria with poverty rate of 70.6% due to poverty, illiteracy and bad government.
- Bauchi state
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, Bauchi was ranked among states that are poor.
Statistics shows that majority of the residents in this area lack the basic amenities of life and it is a war torn zone. The mortality rate recorded after the various insurgent attack is overwhelming.
- Kebbi state
Kebbi is a state in north-western Nigeria. Its capital is Birnin Kebbi. The state also listed among the 10 states that have the highest poverty rate in the country. Its rating is 72%.
- Zamfara state
With 70.8 percent poverty rate, Zamfara has been ranked by the NBS among the poorest states in the country in 2018. Residents and indigenes alike battle with triple effects is strife, disease and hunger which is now commonplace in the state.